Safe Holiday Food Gifts
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Many of us are looking for new ideas for gifts this holiday season or we may give gifts of homemade foods already. The Safe Plates Team has some specific advice on making and giving homemade food items so that you are not also giving your friends and family a food-borne illness as well. Some items are less risky than others and can even be gifts young children can help with making. Homemade spice mixes, baking mixes, and breads have very few risks and can be some of the safest to make. Other items create more of a risk, and require extra care when making to prevent higher risks. These are items such as home canned or dried foods, infused items, and some baked goods.
Here are some specific recommendations:
- Many baked goods, such as breads and cookies, can be stored at room temperature. You want to make sure you keep them covered and note ingredients in case of any food-borne allergies.
- Avoid baking cakes or breads in a jar and sealing them since this is a high risk for illness. More information on the risks from University of New Hampshire .
- Baked goods with cream, custard, cheese, meat and/or vegetable fillings, and cream frostings should be refrigerated to prevent risks for passing on an illness.
Home Preserved Foods
- Follow tested recipes exactly when making canned, pickled, and dehydrate products. Try this reference for tested recipes. National Center for Home Food Preservation
- Preserved items purchased from grocery stores, farmers markets, etc., should not be repackaged.
- Include a note letting people know that once opened the canned food needs to be refrigerated to remain safe to eat.
- If making Jerky, dehydrate meat at 140 degrees in a dehydrator or pre-heated oven if you can keep it at 140 degrees. If using pork or wild game, first freez portions (6 inches thick or less) at 0 degrees for 30 plus days to kill any parasites that may cause illnesses
- Use glass jars or bottles with tightly sealing lids or corks. Wash in warm soapy water and submerge in boiling water for 10 minutes to sanitize.
- Select high-quality, fresh, or dried herbs, fruits, or vegetables and wash before use.
- Oil: Homemade garlic and/or herb infusions should include pretreating the garlic or herbs with citric acid and then adding to heated oil. Here are some tested recipes that are safe to follow. Making Garlic and Herb Infused Oils
- Vinegars: Herbs and produce for infused vinegar should be properly washed and treated and then added to heated vinegar. Flavored Vinegars
- There are not any researched safe home recipes for infused liquors, or alcohols, so we do not recommend making those as gifts
- To reduce the risk of illness, refrigerate or freeze homemade infused foods until ready to give and share the need to keep refrigerated once given as well.